August 1945 in the Far East campaign is the final battle of World War II, the Soviet Union only a war on Japan; the war makes this the ultimate anti-fascist alliance is intact – although the alliance is due to victory fast disintegration. Battle of the implementation of the Songhua River and the Battle of South Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands campaign, the implementation of the Pacific Fleet Battle Chongjin. Campaign operation range of the Far East and Northeast China Zhang North Korean northeast coast of South Sakhalin, the Kuril Islands.
Far East campaign was launched in August 9th 1945, exactly between between the two atomic bomb. August 15 Japan announced its surrender, the Soviet Far East military campaign is defined by 9 August to 2 September, not the end of World War II’s final battle in Japan’s surrender, but extends to its allies signed the Japanese surrender on. Number of battle in World War II, the Far East campaign itself is unique, for the study of Chinese scholars confined to the Far East campaign political position, too often the evaluation. Stalin once said Only after the Sino-Soviet hostility to the People’s Daily, Dictionary of World War II However, widespread campaign on some of the classic discourse of the Far East is not true.
First, the Far East campaign, when most of the Japanese Kwantung Army New forces, not the Japanese Army’s elite corps.
Soviet monograph on the Battle of the Far East, infantry brigades, two tank brigades and some independent wing, the total strength of more than 120 million people, Kwantung Army, The error is
Campaign launched in the Far East, in northeast China within the scope of the first 3,5 Kwantung Army First Army, Third Army, the Army first 30,44, directly under the 4th Army, 22 Division comprises the eight independent mixed brigades and regiments 2 independent tank brigades a motorized brigade. May 1944 which expanded after the first 107,108,112,119 Division, January 16, 1945 the first 79,122,123,124,125,126,127,128 grouping Division, July 10 grouping on the first 134,135,136,138,139,148,149 division, and between June and July 1945 the Japanese China Expeditionary Army from the first 39,63,117 emergency Modulation Division, eight independent hybrid Brigade are then grouped in place. There are more than just the combat experience of the forces transferred within the three divisions. July 10, the majority of troops hastily grouped in Japan transferred from the division head, took his time but also later, independent mixed brigades and regiments only exempted four independent infantry brigade, which previously independent mixed brigades and regiments of the Japanese Army standard is prepared five independent infantry brigade or more. New forces actually compiled (including personnel, equipment) to a great extent to which certain issues, such as basic first 136,137,138 Division compiled by the soldiers in the village, the actual military minors; and if the end of July will be allowed formed three special guards, began to organize the implementation of the Kwantung Army in early August, during which the pre-attachment of the 4th Army’s 3rd Special Guard commander for the army against the village Mikio shelved.
In October 1942 upgraded to a total Kwantung Army, commanding the Kwantung Army to extend the war to the end of the Korean peninsula. Northeast coast of North Korea is due to a possible Soviet attack on the direction of North Korea by the defense at the end of May seventeenth delivery to the Kwantung Army, June 17, transferred from the customs of the 34th Army headquarters in Hamhung as the leading, jurisdiction 2 a Division 1 independent mixed brigades and regiments. The Far East campaign was launched, the Kwantung Army in accordance with plans to gradually shrink to the south is full, North Korea, South Korea stationed seventeenth Kwantung Army was ordered vested. Seventeenth Army headquarters in Seoul, 58 Jun jurisdiction Division 2 and 7 independent mixed brigades and regiments.
Chongjin North Korea actually occurred in male combat base, Rajin, Chongjin, as Jin (now Kim Chol) and other ports, not large-scale operations, with the Soviet war is Japanese Korean military district troops. 34th Army headquarters in Hamhung, troops stationed Hamhung, will be flat, Pyongyang, is still far away from the battlefield, Hamhung, Pyongyang, Wonsan, the sea state are occupied by the Soviet Army in airborne mode.
Although South Korea under the Kwantung Army, Seventeenth Army, but here for the U.S. combat area.
Soviet troops in southern Sakhalin operations targeted at the Japanese 88th Division, in the Kuril Islands Morijima accounted for the 91 Division, are directly under the Japanese Fifth Army (headquarters in Sapporo, Hokkaido), in the north with China Zhang Army to send troops stationed in North China MENG Jun 2 independent mixed brigades.
In short, the Far East campaign full operational range of the Japanese Army in fact only 26 divisions, 10 independent mixed brigades and regiments, two independent tank brigades and one motorized brigade. 2,5 Japanese Army Air Force stationed in northeastern China and North Korea, but very few can be used in combat aircraft.
The United States has the power of the Japanese troops in northeast China as a major obstacle to ending the Pacific War, the strength of the Kwantung Army inappropriate estimates described a long time. Japanese main section 11,25,57 Division in March 1945 with the Kwantung Army back from the Japanese mainland, since there are still information such as the West mistakenly called The Pacific War Encyclopedia Article 25,57 Division stationed in Manchuria until the end of the war.
Japan’s Kwantung Army’s elite corps once. 1940 was the Japanese Kwantung Army headquarters to determine the sequence of the 12 divisions plus the 16th Division (still home, after not running) as the formation of three divisions of 15 divisions. These 15 divisions are 24,25,28,29,71 division and the In 1944, the 15, 11 transferred to the South Division battle, then use the local garrison grouping six divisions, to the end of the year, there are 10 divisions, regardless of division or the number of combat power are the 1939 Division Since the lowest state. By early 1945 the remaining four
The United States has the power of the Japanese troops in northeast China as a major obstacle to ending the Pacific War, the strength of the Kwantung Army inappropriate estimates described a long time. Japanese main section 11,25,57 Division in March 1945 with the Kwantung Army back from the Japanese mainland, since there are still information such as the West mistakenly called The Pacific War Encyclopedia Article 25,57 Division stationed in Manchuria until the war ended.
April 5, 1945, Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov summoned Japanese Ambassador Sato warrior released a statement often misunderstood in some of the information in the Soviet Union announced the abolition of the Soviet-Japanese neutrality treaty. Actually this is the Soviet Union informed the Japanese, the Soviet Union a year later decided not to extend the treaty when the treaty expires, and the Soviet-Japanese neutrality treaty relationship has been maintained to the Far East when the campaign was launched (see my article Indeed, despite the and July was transferred from the off in three divisions, formed July 10, seven divisions.
Second, the rush of the Kwantung Army set up far from many millions.
1965 edition of operating unit with
Based on projections, the Kwantung Army in northeast China about 510,000 troops, about 60,000 in North Korea. Fifth Army in the South Kuril Islands, Sakhalin Island, about 9 million. Campaign operation in the Far East region of the Japanese navy only Zhenhai Guard House (Busan) under the base of Port Arthur in particular team, particularly base Wonsan team, according to the normal preparation of an estimated 20,000 troops, all the operations in the Far East campaign the Japanese army and navy geographical about 68 million, of which the Kwantung Army 570,000 (including 60,000 in North Korea).
If included in the Seventeenth Army in South Korea’s 23 million people (U.S. troops surrender to the war), the total end of the war when the Japanese Kwantung Army post about 80 million. As the scope of the Kwantung Army command had major changes, often data misnomer fighting the Soviets 80 to 100 million Kwantung Army.
There is puzzling that the Soviet record on statistical methods – and destroy the enemy confused with surrender.
August 15 Japan announced its surrender, the Soviet definition of the Far East campaign ended on September 2, Soviet statistics should record the date of this deadline, the main battlefield of northeast China should be as at 12:00 on August 20th, which is the Soviet Far East Japanese military commander Vasilevsky orders to stop fighting action deadline.
Already pointed out, the Far East campaign operation area of about 68 million people in the Japanese army and navy, but not like Practice by study of the history of war, the battle should refer to the enemy in combat led to casualties, prisoners and the surrender were not included because of national defeat and surrender of those who made institution. For example, The Soviet Union is not running surrender persons) transfer to the Soviet servitude, that is another question.
The Far East campaign operation time is very short, the Soviet Union, Japan, data refer to examine the history of the war, in northeast China and the Soviet war of the Japanese real Mudanjiang region only the first 124,126,128,135 Division, 112th Division Hunchun region, rich Division Kam region 134, the first 107,119 Daxinganling region division, independent hybrid Aigun region 135 Brigade, 80th Hailar region independent mixed brigades, independent hybrid Zhang North 2nd Brigade, for a total of eight divisions Group three independent mixed brigades, army and navy of about one-third of Japan’s regional operations. If all of the Japanese fighting forces counted as losses can be estimated at 23 million, also according to the estimation method about 2:1 casualties known Japanese loss of 25 million. Generally speaking regions in the Far East campaign operation wiped out the Soviet Army (combat casualties and prisoners of war, surrender) of about 240,000 Japanese, 440,000 Japanese have formed into surrender to the Soviets, the Soviets not to wipe out the operations area of 680,000 Japanese , and certainly not wipe out the Japanese Kwantung Army.
In addition, to at 12:00 on August 20th (the deadline for the Japanese to stop fighting action), only the Soviet occupation of parts of the northeast, the so-called