Posts Tagged ‘nutrition’

Child care meals: essential fatty

Monday, January 19th, 2009

Present, some parents worry that their children due to obesity, blind infants and young children to eat skim milk or skim milk powder, or reduce the child of the vegetable diet. As everyone knows, which in practice would adversely affect the normal growth and development of young children, especially brain development, the child lives may be adversely affected 專業旅運 Travel Expert.

In fact, infants and young children on the demand for relatively high-fat, their dietary fat to total energy supply of energy was significantly higher than the percentage of school-age children and adults. Chinese Nutrition Society recently defined :0-6 on the baby’s fat intake should account for 45% of the total energy -50% ,6-12 months was 35% -40%, 2-6-year-old to 30% -35 %, 6-year-old after 25% -30%. This suggests that dietary fat in the supply of child care should be adequate because:

1, children eat less fat diet in sufficient quantities to provide more energy. 1-3 years old children’s growth and development such as the baby does not quickly, but still faster than older children. To meet this period of rapid growth and development of child care needs, the demand for energy is relatively high. However, the capacity of the smaller children’s stomach, the food taken in very limited quantities, and fat to provide heat (9 kcal / g) than the same weight of carbohydrates or protein (4 kcal / kg) higher. Adequate child care can we guarantee the heat of normal metabolism and to maintain a reasonable weight.

2, fat is essential fatty acids in early childhood development of the nervous system essential nutrients. 2 months from conception to 2 years after the birth of the human brain is an important period of development. Therefore, in order to pay particular attention to the critical period brain development of infants and young children’s nutrition. The brain mainly by the protein, fat and other components of composition, which include fatty acids and fatty acids unsaturated fatty acids two categories, the former may be the body’s own synthesis, which can only be two kinds of dietary essential fatty acids (linoleic acid and linolenic acid) as to synthetic materials. Vegetable oils such as soybean oil contains 87% unsaturated fatty acids (of which 53 percent linoleic acid and linolenic acid 6%), peanut oil containing 80% (of which 26 percent linoleic acid), vegetable oil containing 94% (of which 22 percent linoleic acid). Therefore, early childhood diet of vegetable oil supply in sufficient quantities to meet the body’s demand for linoleic acid and linolenic acid, and ensure the normal development of the nervous system.

But must be noted that the intake of young children should avoid processed hydrogenated oils, such as vegetable oil processing butter (Michael Qi-Lin), hydrogenated peanut butter (a kind of imported butter bread spread), solidification of edible oil, etc. Do not eat with coconut palm oil and food.

3, fat can enhance the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin A, D, E and K. These vitamins in the body plays an important physiological role: vitamin A can enhance the immune function of the upper respiratory tract, Vitamin D helps calcium absorption, vitamin E can protect the red blood cell film. And they are only in the intestinal fatty conditions for the existence of only easily absorbed.